Tito in tovariši ePUB ã Tito in PDF/EPUB ²

Tito in tovariši ePUB ã Tito in  PDF/EPUB ² Spoznajte e bolj podrobno eno najbolj znanih politi nih osebnostistoletja, ki e danes buri duhove, loveka, ki je sodelavcem kmalu dal vedeti Jaz odgovarjam za Jugoslavijo Jaz v njej odlo am Nova knjiga priznanega zgodovinarja Jo eta Pirjevca opisuje ivljenjsko zgodbo Josipa Broza Tita in ozadje njegovega politi nega vzpona, ki se je tesno prepletal z ivljenjem in politi nim delovanjem njegovih tovari ev Milovana ilasa, Aleksandra Rankovi a in Edvarda Kardelja Avtor se pri opisovanju dogodkov opira na spomine in pri evanja Titovih sodelavcev ter na dokumente v razli nih arhivih An excellent and extensive biography of out iconographic leader I was waiting for tlhe late years after 60 s when I was born but discovered that he really was an icon during WWII and in Informbiro years when he cleverly introduced neuvr eni and lobbied for the third block in midst of USA snd SSSR during the Cold war.Amazing person and a marvelous effort from the author dr Pirjevec. Izjemno delo Prvic marsikaj novega iz moskovskih in zahodnih arhivov, drugic zelo lepo berljiv stil, ki znanstveno delo priblizuje literaturi. At first I was sorely disappointed since it discussed nothing of his time with the Jackson 5Both 1984 Olympics were distinctive moments in my knowledge of Yugoslavia The winter Olympics were in Sarajevo, then a backwater city in the federation rather than the site of bloody war And then at the Summer games in LA, the Yugoslav team was the only European communist country other than Romania to take part At 10 years old, Tito was only a name to me But these two Olympics gave the impression t At first I was sorely disappointed since it discussed nothing of his time with the Jackson 5Both 1984 Olympics were distinctive moments in my knowledge of Yugoslavia The winter Olympics were in Sarajevo, then a backwater city in the federation rather than the site of bloody war And then at the Summer games in LA, the Yugoslav team was the only European communist country other than Romania to take part At 10 years old, Tito was only a name to me But these two Olympics gave the impression that Yugoslavia were good communists and their nation was a real country rather than merely a communist conglomeration.I and many others was wrong.How did those good communists of 1984 turn into the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s This book enlightens that a bit.Tito and the Yugoslav communist party emerged from WWII with the fourth largest military in Europe and the only independently founded communist state other than the Soviets But, politically and economically, it faced major challenges The red star in the flag was an excellent example of the issues faced politically Like a star it faced the external pressure from both the Socialist Camp and the Western Allies that may force it to collapse and the internal pressure from the Republics that may have forced it to explode in ethnic separatism Economically, Yugoslavia was as ravaged as the rest of Europe, but without major benefactors of the Comecon or Marshall plan it didn t have the resources to rebuild.Tito stood between the rock of NATO and the hard place of the Warsaw pact He attempted to play off both sides and to maintain party control over the republics but give enough self management to control to produce a safety valve to ethnic rivalries Economically he was able to use loans and aid to improve the lives of Yugoslavs Yet through it, he had to maintain his position Externally he had to parry attacks from from right wing groups of Croatian expats based in the West and threats from the Eastern bloc Internally he had to continually isolate and expel internal opponents Like most or all democratic centralist parties, the LCY slowly became less democratic andcentralist Through the 1950s and 1960s dreams of Tito stepping down and handing over the reins or reign to younger cadres were constantly thwarted By the 1970s, a weakened Tito ruled as everyone around him attempted to merely prepare for his death.Some may merely argue this is the old Lord Acton dictum absolute power corrupts absolutely And others may point that in an Aristotelian model that all democratic centralist parties degenerate to authoritarianism The dictatorship of the proletariat becomes the dictatorship of the party in the name of the proletariat becomes the dictatorship of the party secretary However, Pirjevec argues there is.The party leader here, fell into senility and paranoia And as by 1974, he was the only person with roles in party and state, he was the only one who could handle things The Constitution of 1974 was a dead letter and led to individualist rule at the whims but also the interest of only Tito While it appears that the decline of Yugoslavia started with Tito s death, Pirjevec points to a hollow shell of party and state that Tito left once his personal rule ended.Could anyone else have led Yugoslavia so long without it breaking up into different Republics Could anyone have led Yugoslavia without succumbing to the pressures East and West We don t know but we do know the state Tito bequeathed could not Pirjevec shows how the image of good communists is shattered by a failure to build a state based on anything other than personal rule Spannend zu lesen, wie schon in den 1960ern der Zerfall Jugoslawiens von Tito voraus bef rchtet wurde Ebenso faszinierend zu sehen, wie es Tito gelang die Sowjetunion immer wieder vor der Einflussnahme auf sein Land zur ckschrecken zu lassen Leider ist das Buch etwas zu zitatenhaft berfrachtet. This is not only a definitive biography of Tito but a fine study of Yugoslavia up to his death I studied Eastern Europe and the Balkans as a graduate student in political science, so I was excited to learn so muchdetail in this book It is written in a style that should be accessible to most people who enjoy reading about history Josef Broz Tito was unique He alone defied Stalin for many years and survived despite many assassination attempts, a number of them surely initiated by Stal This is not only a definitive biography of Tito but a fine study of Yugoslavia up to his death I studied Eastern Europe and the Balkans as a graduate student in political science, so I was excited to learn so muchdetail in this book It is written in a style that should be accessible to most people who enjoy reading about history Josef Broz Tito was unique He alone defied Stalin for many years and survived despite many assassination attempts, a number of them surely initiated by Stalin Tito was also targeted for assassination by Hitler Tito organized against the Nazis before the Hitler Stalin Nonaggression Pact and was infuriated by it Even when the Soviet Union entered the war after Germany attacked it, it failed to arm Yugoslav partisans as Tito had expected So Tito went to the British for arms Yugoslavia was the only country in Eastern Europe and the Balkans that didto liberate itself than the Soviet Union did to liberate it Consequently, Tito was able to maneuver to keep his country mostly independent from the Soviet Union This book tells how he managed that, and continued to manage that for the next thirty years, although the Soviets were always secretly ready to invade if there was an opportunity Tito was the originator of the non aligned movement of nations that declared themselves independent of the West and the Soviet bloc He did a great deal to help revolutionaries in Africa and Asia Nevertheless, he received a great deal of aid from the United States and other western countries because of his independence from the Soviet Union But Tito was a strongman In the aftermath of World War II, he killed many Croats and Serbs who had collaborated with the Nazis or opposed his rule, and many who had not Yugoslavia was in some ways a proponent of aliberal version of Communism, but Tito constantly veered between favoring liberals and favoringtraditional Communists He believed that maintaining strong central control was necessary to keep the various nationalities from breaking off, and he was probably correct in that He was Croatian, but many of his policies disfavored the Croats and the Slovenes, who weredeveloped, and sent revenue from their parts of the country to poorer areas, especially to the Serbs, whom he feared But many Serbs resented him because of his purges This book focuses almost entirely on Tito s political life, but towards the end it has revealing details about his five marriages, especially about his last wife, Jovanka Jovanka loved luxury and control She apparently hoped to be his successor She was young and strong, and he was old and weak He confided to his colleagues that at night he hid in the bathroom to avoid her, so they sent her off to a sanatorium The couple was separated after that, though Tito refused to divorce her The thought of the old man who controlled a country being perhaps an abused spouse is poignant Of course, Yugoslavia fell apart after he died Could he have managed it better and prevented that That is far from certain

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