The Young Composers: Composition's Beginnings in

The Young Composers: Composition's Beginnings in In this book, Schultz makes a convincing argument that many of the trends in composition that ask students to explore their own experiences through writing actually began outside the university, specifically in primary and second schools in the 19th century In so doing, she complicates the current traditional vision of 19th century composition that mostly relies on ivy league universities Researchers will find her exploration of Pestalozzian theory particularly useful as she traces many of t In this book, Schultz makes a convincing argument that many of the trends in composition that ask students to explore their own experiences through writing actually began outside the university, specifically in primary and second schools in the 19th century In so doing, she complicates the current traditional vision of 19th century composition that mostly relies on ivy league universities Researchers will find her exploration of Pestalozzian theory particularly useful as she traces many of these ideas through composition books for young composers into many of the standard composition texts that were eventually used in the university Even though many texts were heavily influenced by belletristic rhetoric, a well known claim in our field, there is a clear synthesis with Pestalozzian ideas that help identify writing as a tool for exploration This book will also provide composition researchers with many valuable primary sources Lucille M Schultz s The Young Composers Composition s Beginnings in Nineteenth Century Schools is the first full length history of school based writing instruction Schultz demonstrates that writing instruction in nineteenth century American schools is much important in the overall history of writing instruction than we have previously assumedDrawing on primary materials that have not been considered in previous histories of writing instruction little known textbooks and student writing that includes prize winning essays, journal entries, letters, and articles written for school newspapers Schultz shows that in nineteenth century American schools, the voices of the British rhetoricians that dominated college writing instruction were attenuated by the voice of the Swiss education reformer Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi Partly through the influence of Pestalozzi s thought, writing instruction for children in schools became child centered, not just a replica or imitation of writing instruction in the collegesIt was also in these nineteenth century American schools that personal or experience based writing began and where the democratization of writing was institutionalized These schools prefigured some of our contemporary composition practices free writing, peer editing, and the use of illustrations as writing prompts It was in these schools, in fact, where composition instruction as we know it today began, Schultz arguesThis book features a chapter on the agency of textbook iconography, which includes illustrations from nineteenth century composition books as well as a cultural analysis of those illustrations Schultz also includes a lengthy bibliography of nineteenth century composition textbooks and student and school newspapers

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